The space activities in Ukraine have been pursued over the 10-year span in strict accordance with National Space Programs. Each of them was intended to address the relevant current issues to preserve and further develop the space potential of Ukraine.
The First Program (1993-1997) was called upon lo keep up the research and industrial space-related potentiality for the benefit of national economy and state security as well as to be able to break into the international market of space services.
The Second Program (1998-2002) was aimed at creating the internal market of space services, conquering the international space markets by presenting the in-house products and services (including launch complexes and spacecraft, space-acquired data, space system components) and integrating Ukraine into the worldwide space community.
The National Space Program of Ukraine for a 2003-2007 period (NSPU) which was adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (the Parliament of Ukraine) on October 24 2002 outlines the main goals, assignments, priorities and methods of maintaining the space activity in Ukraine.
The realization of program’s objectives is based on the following conceptual approaches:
Orientation towards specific customer;
Development and utilization of advanced technologies, novel design methods;
Creation of the conditions under which the space technologies can be used in other branches of economy, commercialization of space activity;
Re-equipment of the technical basis and development of common technological environment in the space sector;
Multilateral international cooperation;
Attraction of additional non-budget financing sources.
THE STRUCTURE OF NSPU IS COMPOSED OF GOAL-ORIENTED SPACE PROGRAMS:
Scientific space research
Remote sensing of the Earth
Satellite telecommunication systems
Development of the ground-based infrastructure for navigation and special information system
Space activities in the interests of national security and defense
Development of base elements and advanced space technologies
Development of research, test and production base of the space sector
The realization of the Program objectives will make it possible:
To develop the national system for Earth observation from outer space to meet the national demands in the social economic sphere and for the security and defense purposes
To introduce the satellite systems and communication facilities into the telecommunication infrastructure of the state;
To obtain new fundamental knowledge on near-Earth outer space, the solar system, deep space, biological and physical processes and the microgravity condition;
To create and develop the techniques for space access with a view of realizing national and international projects and to enable the home-made rocket to be employed on the worldwide market of space transportation services;
To elaborate the advanced space facilities;
To ensure the innovative development of the space sector in terms of improving its research, experimental and production basis.